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Global Challenges
Issue no. 11 | March 2022
The Uncertain Future of Human Rights
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Articles for this issue
Global Challenges
Issue no. 11 | March 2022
The Uncertain Future of Human Rights

After 70 years of existence, human rights are facing criticism from many sides, some even claiming their fundamental inadequacy for the 21st century or imminent end. The human rights regime, based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and several subsequent covenants, is variously being accused of being elitist, Eurocentric and/or imperialistic in its universal claims and remaining blind to local customs and cultural specificities; of being implemented too tamely, inconsistently or even counterproductively by International organisations that are frequently co-opted by powerful state interests; and of being unable to address fundamental societal issues and transformations such as inequality, digital transformations and climate change.

Further critiques castigate human rights’ unmet promises, framing them as a neoliberal smokescreen, or admonishing their anthropocentrism, overlooking the rights of animals, plants or other non-human entities such as robots. In such a state of flux and uncertainty, human rights have also become, to some extent, victims of their own success, being articulated not only by an increasing armada of human rights actors and activists but also by atavistic forces referring to them more cynically. Such inflationary use of human rights, increasingly following a logic of transversality as reflected in the ever-expanding UN human rights issues or the flourishing of corporate CSR strategies and codes, ultimately risks eroding their operability and epistemic traction.

However, as shifting geostrategic constellations, the rise of populism, identitarian politics, authoritarian governments and the current epidemic are all contributing to further fragilising human rights, they remain more crucial to the world’s future than ever. The current Dossier therefore asks how the human rights regime will likely evolve faced by such challenges. Can it reinvent itself and, if so, how? Can we imagine human rights without the pretension to universalism and beyond the decline of the liberal paradigm? Are we moving towards human rights that are more collective in nature or of variable geometry? New perspectives and insights are needed from the legal, social and human sciences to answer these pivotal questions.

This dossier was produced by the Graduate Institute's Research Office in collaboration with the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights.

Articles for this issue

The Uncertain Future of Human Rights
  • I
     

    Human Rights in Flux: New Directions beyond Universalism

    Reading time: 8 min
  • 1
     

    Human Rights: The State of the Art

    Reading time: 4 min
  • 2
     

    Rescuing Human Rights: Challenges of Identity and Diversity in a Context of Democratic Backsliding

    Reading time: 5 min
  • 3
     

    Historical Foundations of Human Rights and Contemporary Crises

    Reading time: 5 min
  • 4
     

    Human Rights and Anthropology

    Reading time: 5 min
  • 5
     

    The Future of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

    Reading time: 5 min
  • 6
     

    Feminisms and Human Rights

    Reading time: 5 min
  • 7
     

    Coherence and Alignment: The Future of Business and Human Rights

    Reading time: 5 min
  • 8
     

    Depletions: The Future of Population Decline and Human Rights

    Reading time: 5 min
  • 9
     

    Watering Down Human Rights? A Healthy Environment for the Rights to Water and Sanitation

    Reading time: 5 min
  • 10
     

    Governance of Digital Technologies and Human Rights

    Reading time: 6 min
Other Issues
Special Issue no. 1 | June 2020
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Politics of the Coronavirus Pandemic
Global Challenges
Special Issue no. 1 | June 2020
Politics of the Coronavirus Pandemic

A pandemic is not just a medical emergency – it is also a political, economic, and social crisis. It implies new challenges for democratic institutions and practices, for citizenship rights and human rights as some of the restrictions on civil liberties put in place by liberal and illiberal democracies may well outlive the coronavirus. This special issue explores some tensions and dilemmas of democracies faced with the current crisis. “Politics of the Coronavirus Pandemics” addresses questions like: Can we speak of a decline in politics during the pandemic? While states have been using the full gamut of their sovereign prerogatives, has the political (temporarily) faded in the face of, for example, “expertise”? What will be the lasting impact of the rule by administrative fiat, and of emergency powers put in place in many countries? What kinds of agenda and instruments of civic activism are likely to emerge given that courts are rarely in session and public protest not permitted due to distancing rules? What are the likely consequences of these reconfigurations for democracy, governance, and welfare systems in the global South and North?