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Global Challenges
Issue no. 12 | November 2022
The Weaponisation of Economics
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Articles for this issue
Global Challenges
Issue no. 12 | November 2022
The Weaponisation of Economics

The multipolar world succeeding US hegemony in the early 21st century, the financial crisis of 2007 and the corollary decline of liberalism seem to have ushered in an era of economic nationalism. States are increasingly left to fend for themselves as multilateral mechanisms lose traction and international economic relations gain in toxicity. The sanctions, embargoes and retaliations arising from the war in Ukraine, but also an accelerating struggle for dwindling natural resources, have pushed these logics to new heights. This Dossier assesses ongoing geoeconomic transformations and their potentially devastating consequences.

Articles for this issue

The Weaponisation of Economics
  • I
     

    War by Other Means? Geoeconomics in the 21st Century

    Reading time: 6 min
  • 1
     

    Globalisation: The Danger of Safe Spaces

    Reading time: 4 min
  • 2
     

    Risky Interdependence: The Impact of Geoeconomics on Trade Policy

    Reading time: 4 min
  • 3
     

    A New Page in Global Sanctions Practice: The Russian Case

    Reading time: 6 min
  • 4
     

    The Politicisation of the Commodities Trade

    Reading time: 4 min
  • 5
     
    The United Nations logo on the 2nd Floor looking to the general assembly entrance

    Sanctions against Russia and the Role of the United Nations

    Reading time: 4 min
  • 6
     
    Global natural resources commodity trade with exchange of futures contracts on commodities

    A Renewed Neocolonial Scramble for Resources?

    Reading time: 5 min
  • 7
     

    The Rise of Geoeconomics

    Reading time: 5 min
  • 8
     

    Debt as a Political Weapon?

    Reading time: 5 min
  • O
     

    Global Sanctions: A Bibliography from the Graduate Institute

    Reading time: 5 min
Other Issues
Forthcoming Special Issue | March 2023
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Urban Morphology & Violence
Global Challenges
Forthcoming Special Issue | March 2023
Urban Morphology & Violence

The essays in this volume are the product of a new 'research practicum' course in the Department of Political Science and International Relations at the Graduate Institute in Geneva. They build on the debates on 'Urban Morphology and violence' to reflect on the associations between cities - their political orders and disorders - and outcomes ranging from occupation and resistance to marginalisation and containment. These texts foreshadow the possibility of centring - and challenging - the urban in our understanding of contemporary conflict, violence and peace. They are a first step in opening up a research agenda for a more textured analysis of spatial, geographical and temporal dynamics within the city in relation to violence, and, therefore, the mobilisation of spatial, temporal and visual modes of analysis. The promise is to make visible the varied roles of urban morphologies - adding to the debate on cities in and as sites of conflict.

Issue no. 11 | March 2022
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The Uncertain Future of Human Rights
Global Challenges
Issue no. 11 | March 2022
The Uncertain Future of Human Rights

After 70 years of existence, human rights are facing criticism from many sides, some even claiming their fundamental inadequacy for the 21st century or imminent end. The human rights regime, based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) and several subsequent covenants, is variously being accused of being elitist, Eurocentric and/or imperialistic in its universal claims and remaining blind to local customs and cultural specificities; of being implemented too tamely, inconsistently or even counterproductively by International organisations that are frequently co-opted by powerful state interests; and of being unable to address fundamental societal issues and transformations such as inequality, digital transformations and climate change.

Further critiques castigate human rights’ unmet promises, framing them as a neoliberal smokescreen, or admonishing their anthropocentrism, overlooking the rights of animals, plants or other non-human entities such as robots. In such a state of flux and uncertainty, human rights have also become, to some extent, victims of their own success, being articulated not only by an increasing armada of human rights actors and activists but also by atavistic forces referring to them more cynically. Such inflationary use of human rights, increasingly following a logic of transversality as reflected in the ever-expanding UN human rights issues or the flourishing of corporate CSR strategies and codes, ultimately risks eroding their operability and epistemic traction.

However, as shifting geostrategic constellations, the rise of populism, identitarian politics, authoritarian governments and the current epidemic are all contributing to further fragilising human rights, they remain more crucial to the world’s future than ever. The current Dossier therefore asks how the human rights regime will likely evolve faced by such challenges. Can it reinvent itself and, if so, how? Can we imagine human rights without the pretension to universalism and beyond the decline of the liberal paradigm? Are we moving towards human rights that are more collective in nature or of variable geometry? New perspectives and insights are needed from the legal, social and human sciences to answer these pivotal questions.

This dossier was produced by the Graduate Institute's Research Office in collaboration with the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights.